More than 40,000 new cases of prostate cancer are diagnosed every year in the UK.
The prostate is the small gland in the pelvis – about the size of a satsuma – that helps with the production of semen.
Symptoms of the condition include a burning sensation while urination, loss of bladder control, or finding blood in the urine.
While there’s no definitive way to prevent prostate cancer, changing your diet and making these lifestyle changes could lower your risk of developing it.
Drink more coffee
Drinking large amounts of coffee could lower your risk of developing prostate cancer, research has claimed.
Every three cups of coffee you drink reduces your risk by about 11 per cent, according to medical website Healthline.
“However, high doses of caffeine can cause major health issues, such as irregular heartbeat and seizures,” it said.
About one a half cups of coffee a day is the perfect amount, said the Mayo Clinic.
A build-up of fat increases the risk of prostate cancer, especially around the stomach area.
Regular exercise can help you to maintain a healthy body weight.
Walking, running, cycling and swimming could all help to lower the risk of prostate cancer.
Cut out animal fat
Animal fat has been linked to an increased risk of prostate cancer, Healthline said.
“In addition to meat, animal fats are found in lard, butter, and cheese,” said the medical website.
“Whenever possible, replace animal-based fats with plant-based fats.”
Swapping butter for olive oil, or pre-packaged foods for fresh vegetables, could lower your cancer risk.
Eat more red-coloured food
Red foods – including tomatoes and watermelon – get their colour from the antioxidant lycopene.
Lycopene could lower your chance of developing prostate cancer, research has claimed.
Eating cooked tomatoes makes it easier for the body to absorb lycopene.
Eat more fish
Omega-3 could also protect against prostate cancer.
The fatty acid is found in certain oily fish, including salmon, tuna, trout and sardines.
Fish oil tablets, and a low-fat diet, could also help to reduce the risk of prostate cancer from spreading to other parts of the body.
Eat more soybeans
Lentils, chickpeas and tofu all contain nutrients called isoflavones.
Isoflavones have been linked to a lower risk of prostate cancer, said Healthline.